The big demand for mineral fertilizers from Turkmenistan demonstrates the high valuation of products manufactured in Turkmenistan. For this reason, year after year, new plants are being commissioned and productions increase.
Urea is an important mineral nitrogen fertilizer used throughout the world in the agricultural sector. For this reason, despite the already existing two granular urea producing plants, Tejenkarbamid and Marykarbamid, at the end of 2018, Turkmenistan put into operation the largest plant for the production of urea in Central Asia – Garabogazkarbamid plant.
The sale of urea in Turkmenistan is carried out through the participation of foreign companies at the State Commodity and Raw Materials Exchange of Turkmenistan (GTSBT) and the subsequent conclusion of the contract with the producer - the State Concern "Turkmenhimiya" (SC "Turkmenhimiya").
Granular Urea in Turkmenistan
The State Concern "Turkmenhimiya" is a state owned company of Turkmenistan and currently owns 3 urea producing plants:
- Tejenkarbamid plant
- Marykarbamid plant
- Garabogazkarbamid plant
The Construction of the plant was initiated in 2001 in Turkmenistan’s Tejen city and was put into service in 2006 as the first fertilizer production plant of Turkmenistan. The plant meets the fertilizer needs of the agricultural lands in Turkmenistan to a large extent and makes a great contribution to the development of national agriculture as well as to national economy.
Capacity: The plant has an annual production capacity of 350.000 tons of urea.
The solemn opening ceremony of a large gas chemical complex for the production of another nitrogen fertilizer ammonia and carbamide production plant commissioned constructed by Japanese-Turkish consortium of Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd, Sojitz Corporation and Ronesans Endustri Tesisleri was held in the regional center of the Mary province of Turkmenistan. The natural gas in the amount of 500 million cubic meters per year comes as a raw material of the stated products.
Capacity: The complex annually produces 400,000 tons of ammonia and 640,000 tons of urea.
The construction of the plant, occupying a territory of 60 hectares, began in December 2014 in accordance with the Framework Agreement signed by the State Concern “Turkmenhimiya” with a consortium consisting of the Japanese company Mitsubishi Corporation and the Turkish Gap Inshaat Yatirim ve Dis Ticaret AS. The processing of natural gas into ammonia will be carried out according to the technology of Haldor Topsoe AS (Denmark) and UOP (USA), carbamide synthesis will be carried out according to the technology of the Italian company Saipem, followed by granulation using the technology of Uhde Fertilizer (the Netherlands).
Capacity: The plant produces 1,155,000 tons of urea and 640,000 tons of ammonia per year. The daily output is 3,500 tons
|#||Name of parameter||B Grade|
|1||Nitrogen fraction of total mass on dry basis, %, not less||46,2|
|2||Biuret (Ureido Formamide) fraction of total mass, %, no more||1,4|
|3||Loose ammonia fraction of total mass, %, no more, for carbamide:|
|4||Mass share of water, %, no more:|
|- Method of drying||0.3|
|- Method Fishera||0,5|
|6||Distribution of sizes, %:|
|- fraction of total mass of granules with size, mm :|
|1 - 4, not less||94|
|2 - 4, not less||70|
|less than 1, not less||3|
|6-mm sieve residue, no more||absence|
|7||Static hardness of granules,kgf/granule, not less||0,7|